Amos

The name of an Old Testament prophet and of an ancestor of Jesus

Hebrew name: עָמוֹס (‘amos)

Name meaning: “to carry” or “bear a burden”

a. A literary prophet (Amos 1:1) – Literary prophets were prophets who wrote down their prophecies, which are now preserved in the Bible as Scripture. The prophet Amos was a shepherd from Tekoa, a small town in Judah. He prophesied during the reigns of Uzziah of Judah and Jeroboam II of Israel, around 760-750 BC. Amos was not a professional prophet or part of a prophetic guild; he was a herdsman called by God to deliver a message of judgment against the nations, including Israel and Judah, for their sins and social injustices.

b. An ancestor of Jesus (Luke 3:25) – In his gospel, Luke, an expert historian in the first century A.D., meticulously traced the lineage of Jesus back over 70 generations. Amos, the son of Nahum (no relation to the prophets) and the father of Mattathias, was an ancestor of Jesus on Joseph’s side.

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