Canaan, according to the Bible, is a significant region and people group mentioned throughout the Old and New Testaments. The term Canaan can refer to both the land of Canaan and the Canaanite people who inhabited that land.

1. **Canaan (Gen. 10:18; Acts 2:9)**: In Genesis 10:18, Canaan is listed as one of the sons of Ham, who was one of Noah’s sons. The descendants of Canaan settled in the land that became known as Canaan. This land was later promised to Abraham and his descendants by God (Genesis 12:5).

2. **Canaan (Gen. 9:18; 1 Chronicles)**: Canaan is also mentioned in Genesis 9:18 and various other places in the Bible, indicating the significance of the land and its people throughout biblical history.

3. **Canaanite**: The Canaanites were the inhabitants of the land of Canaan. They were known for their idolatry and wicked practices, which ultimately led to their judgment by God. The Israelites were commanded to drive out the Canaanites from the land when they entered it (Exodus 23:23).

4. **Trading/Merchants (Ezekiel 16:29)**: The term trading or merchants is associated with Canaan in Ezekiel 16:29, indicating that the Canaanites were involved in commercial activities and trade.

5. **Greek term for Canaan (Acts 13:19; Acts 7:11)**: In the New Testament, the Greek term for Canaan is Chanaan (G5477), which is used to refer to the ancient land and its people.

6. **Canaanite (Matthew 15:22)**: In Matthew 15:22, a Canaanite woman approaches Jesus for help, demonstrating that the influence of the Canaanite people extended beyond the geographical boundaries of the land of Canaan.

In summary, Canaan and the Canaanites play a significant role in biblical history, particularly in the Old Testament narrative of the Israelites’ conquest of the Promised Land. The Bible portrays Canaan as a land of both promise and conflict, highlighting the spiritual significance of the region and its people in the biblical narrative.

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