Goliath

Giant living at the time of United Monarchy

Goliath is a well-known figure in the Bible, particularly in the story of David and Goliath found in 1 Samuel 17. Goliath is described as a giant man from Gath, standing over nine feet tall, and wearing armor that weighed over 125 pounds. He was a champion of the Philistine army and challenged the Israelites to send a champion to fight him in single combat.

From a biblical perspective, Goliath is seen as a symbol of opposition to God’s people and a representation of the enemies of God’s kingdom. His defeat by David is often interpreted as a demonstration of God’s power and faithfulness to deliver His people.

The biblical account of Goliath can be found in several passages:

1. 1 Samuel 17:4 – This verse introduces Goliath as a champion of the Philistine army.
2. 1 Samuel 17:23 – Describes how Goliath taunted the Israelites and challenged them to send a champion to fight him.
3. 1 Samuel 21:9 – Mentions Goliath in passing as David seeks provisions from Ahimelek the priest.
4. 1 Samuel 22:10 – Saul’s fear of Goliath is referenced in this verse.
5. 2 Samuel 21:19 – This passage also mentions the defeat of Goliath by Elhanan the son of Jaare-oregim, which some scholars see as a textual issue.
6. 1 Chronicles 20:5 – This verse also mentions the defeat of Goliath by Elhanan, which is a parallel account to 2 Samuel 21:19.

In addition to Goliath, there are other references to giants living at the time of the United Monarchy, such as Rapha, Ishbi-benob, Saph, Lahmi, and a huge man. These individuals are also described as large and formidable opponents.

Overall, the story of Goliath serves as a reminder of the power of God to overcome seemingly insurmountable obstacles and the importance of trusting in Him in the face of adversity.

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