Beth-shan, also known as Beth-shean in the Bible, was a city located in the territory of the tribe of Manasseh. It is mentioned in several Old Testament passages:

1. In 1 Samuel 31:10, we read about the tragic death of King Saul and his sons on Mount Gilboa. After their defeat by the Philistines, the Philistines came and took the bodies of Saul and his sons and displayed them on the wall of Beth-shan.

2. Beth-shan is also mentioned in 1 Chronicles as a city in the region allotted to the tribe of Manasseh (1 Chronicles 7:29).

3. In Joshua 17:11 and 17:16, Beth-shean is listed as one of the cities within the territory of Manasseh. It was a significant city strategically located in the Jordan Valley.

4. Judges 1:27 records that the tribe of Manasseh did not drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shean and its villages, indicating a failure to fully possess the land as commanded by God.

5. In 1 Kings 4:12, Beth-shean is mentioned as one of the cities under the jurisdiction of Solomon’s son Ben-Geber in the region of Naphtali.

6. In 2 Samuel 21:12, the bodies of Saul and his sons, including that of Jonathan, were retrieved from the wall of Beth-shan by the men of Jabesh Gilead and given a proper burial.

Beth-shan was a significant city in ancient Israel due to its strategic location and historical events associated with it. It serves as a reminder of the consequences of disobedience to God’s commands and the importance of fully obeying His instructions.

From a biblical perspective, the historical accounts of Beth-shan in the Bible highlight the sovereignty of God over the affairs of nations and the importance of faithfulness to His Word. The city’s mention in various passages underscores the significance of obedience to God’s commands and the consequences of failing to follow His instructions.

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